Jewish life is based on words and different types of ideas. This is the place where fine arts are needed. There are two factors on which the Jewish art depends and these include beautification of the commandments and forbidding raven images. The Jewish artists are available worldwide and make images that show the relationship of eh people with different identities.Different types of Traditional Jewish Art are Listed Below :
The content of Jewish Art
Jewish folk art can be seen in the synagogues and homes for many centuries. These arts included an emblem to which the Jews have to face in order to say their prayers. Another thing included in the art is Shivitti which is installed in the synagogue to focus attention. Micrography is included in the art which includes sacred text and words. Artistic ritual art is another kind of art which includes cups, candlesticks, and many other things. These arts were made to determine the piety of the folks.
Jewish Folk Art
Many artists have become professional and they bring sensibility by using new phenomenon. Previously, the artists were not trained and they make the art only for the devotion to God.
Previously, paper cutting was an inexpensive art in which paper, pencil, and knife are used. But now the artist has included many other things in the art and these include parchment papers. The paper cutting was later adopted by the Jews of middle age along with Christians and Muslims. This art still plays a major role in drawing. The craft is designed by cutting the paper and then it is transformed into devotion to God. The artists have the ability to take the text from Psalms and put it in his image. The creation of devotional paper cuts is quite little-known aspect of traditional Jewish art and culture.
Making art for attention
The paper cutting is also used to create mizrach which means east and was hanged on a wall. This will help the Jews to know the direction in which they have to face to say the prayers. The Jews face Jerusalem to say their prayers and so the wall hanging is placed on that wall that faces Jerusalem. The mizrach art includes good craftsmanship.
This is another type of folk drawing which was started in the middle ages. Shivitti means awareness and was used to hang in the synagogue. The following Hebrew letters are included in the drawing.
These words are the symbols which together means God’s name. Taking God’s name is forbidden in Judaism so Shivitti is used to design these letters which denotes God’s presence.
It is calligraphy in which verses of Torah are written by the scribes. The calligraphy also includes the text from other religious books. The words of the text of the books are depicted in the form of images. This type of art was started in the ninth century. The scribes used to write words in different patterns and shapes which are in the form of animals or ritual objects. Micrography was later spread to Spain and Portugal and each scribe teaches the Micrography to others.
The art is now used for decorating the Sukkah and wall hangings. Micrography is also used to focus attention in the sacred words which are the same as paper cutting. The Micrography is used for the beautification of the words and illuminating them. This art is used to save Jewish culture and literature.
Jewish folk art is designed in order for the values of yesteryear Jews. It is also used to focus on Jewish culture, books, worship, and laws.
The first Jewish Artist
The first Jewish artist was Biblical Bezalel. It is believed that he was appointed by God to build the tabernacle and it is considered as the first art and first artisan. People can find the details in the Bible regarding the building of the first temple by the Jews under the instructions of King Solomon. The temple was decorated with gold and cherubim. The second temple was built by Herod. The second temple was destructed in &0 CE. Later the Jewish art flourished and it included Dura Europos and Beit Alpha synagogues.
Jewish art in the middle ages
In the middle age, Jewish art could be seen only in synagogues and manuscripts. Since these period was the Muslim era, so the Jews were not able to make arts in which human form is included. Jewish education was also at its low and that also influenced the decline of Jewish art in that period. In the middle ages, Jews made their art in the form of manuscripts.
Jewish art was very popular in ancient time as it included many types of images whether human or animals. The words were decorated and made in the form of animals. Paper cutting was and is still being used for various purposes as the artists have now become very sophisticated.