Paco Rabanne: the fashion metallurgical


Spanish designer, architect and writer Francisco Rabaneda Cuervo, better known as Paco Rabanne, is recognized worldwide for his innovative textile creations, including the use of metal and various textures. In addition to its famous perfumes like the iconic and immediately recognizable One Million fragrance.

He was born in 1934 in Pasajes de Luz, Basque Country. His mother was the chief seamstress of the designer Cristóbal Balenciaga and his father a republican soldier who was shot during the Spanish Civil War, so his family moved to the northwest of France.

Later he moved to Paris where he studied Architecture at the Superior School of Fine Arts.

After graduating from university, she designed geometric dresses and simple lines that were immediately recognized by leading institutions of the arts and fashion.

Paco Rabanne started by creating accessories and applications for Haute Couture garments signed by Givenchy, Balenciaga, Nina Ricci and Pierre Cardin. Later he learned the trade from the hand of Balenciaga, Cardin and Givenchy training for eight years in the Maison Dior.

In 1966 he created his own firm that quickly gained popularity for his avant-garde designs that innovated the fashion industry by using experimental materials such as aluminum, bound leather, ostrich feathers, paper, fluorescent leather, hammered metal, aluminum point , plastic, knitted leather and gold plates with diamonds, for which he was commissioned to design costumes for films such as “Two on the Road” (1967), “Casino Royale” (1967) and “Barbarella” (1968).

During the 70s he was part of the Union Chamber of Haute Couture of Paris introducing innovative garments and launching his first masculine fragrance and later, his line of prêt-à-porter for men.

In 1986, the Paco Rabanne brand became part of the Spanish multinational company Puig, but the designer continued at the head of the firm with its characteristic spirit of transgression, innovation and awareness of the environmental impact.

Launched its lines of prêt-à-porter feminine and Haute Coture characterized by its lighting effects, sculptural volumes and innovative materials such as mirrors and fiber optic and then retire from Haute Couture in 1999.

For a long period the firm dedicated itself exclusively to the production of perfumes but reactivated its prêt-à-porter line in 2011, appointing Manish Arora as creative director, replaced by Lydia Maurer and succeeded by Julien Dossena.


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